To sail Southbound or Northbound from Cape Horn (Cabo de Hornos) to Chacao Channel, there are two main routes; first, the Ocean Route that does not need any special explanation and the Inner Channels Route. The Inner Channel Route offers different alternatives and it is highly recommended in bad weather conditions, which are very common in the area. Furthermore, it provides a great opportunity to visit uniquely beautiful places, with glaciers, waterfalls, inlets, as well as flora and marine fauna.
All inner channel routes are well signaled and do not present great navigation difficulties. All navigable passages have good and updated charts. The Chilean Hydrographic Office www.shoa.cl (Servicio Hidrográfico y Oceanográfico de la Armada de Chile SHOA), a MIO member, publishes and updates all national charts, used for sailing Chilean waters.
In order to provide safe sailing and to coordinate vessels transit, the Chilean Maritime Authority has established transit regulations for crossing certain passages. These rules set periods of the day for transit, if required, as well general recommendations for a safe navigation. The latter are shown at Paragraph 3. - SAILING REGULATIONS.
Descriptions of the alternative routes throughout Chilean channels, straits and fiords are shown in the following graphs:
|* Figure Number 1:||It shows all routes between Chacao Channel and Strait of Magellan (Estrecho de Magallanes).|
|* Figure Number 2:||It shows channel routes of Chiloé area, between Chacao Channel and Golfo de Penas - (Raper Lighthouse - Faro Raper - Latitude 46 50 S).|
|* Figure Number 3:||It shows Patagonian Channels routes (Canales Patagónicos) between Golfo de Penas and Strait of Magellan (Estrecho de Magallanes).|
|* Figure Number 4:||It shows Fueguinos's Channels routes (Canales Fueguinos) between Strait of Magellan (Estrecho de Magallanes) and Cape Horn (Cabo de Hornos).|
Figure Number 1, Routes between Chacao Channel and Strait of Magellan (Estrecho de Magallanes):
|Normal or more used route for sailing between Chacao Channel and Strait of Magellan.|
Ancud Pilot Station, for vessels with up to 180 meters LOA and 10 meters of draught (embarking) and up to 200 meters LOA and up to 10 meters of draught (disembarking), and Laitec Pilot Station, for vessels with more than 180 meters LOA (embarking) and with more than 200 meters LOA (disembarking).
|Rules or restrictions to certain passages|
Light Blue color:
|Other alternative routes|
a) For vessels with up to 180 meters LOA and up to 10.7 meters Draught.
(Restriction for English Narrow)
b) For vessels with up to 230 meters LOA and up to 12 meters Draught in low water.
(Restriction for Gray Channel)
c) For vessels more than 230 meters LOA and more than 12 meters Draught in low water.
d) Fueguino's Channels (Canales Fueguinos) and route to Cape Horn (Cabo de Hornos).
FIGURE NUMBER 2:ROUTES IN CHILOE AREA - BETWEEN CHACAO CHANNEL AND RAPER LIGTHOUSE ( GOLFO DE PENAS)
FIGURE NUMBER 3: PATAGONIAN CHANNELS (CANALES PATAGÓNICOS) ROUTES - BETWEEN GOLFO DE PENAS AND STRAIT OF MAGELLAN
a).Patagonian channels present a number of interesting sailing passages, such as: the English Narrows (Angostura Inglesa), Abismo Passage (Paso del Abismo), Guia Narrows (Angostura Guía), Gray channel, Shoal Passage (Paso Shoal) and many others.
b).The Light blue color route shows the differents sailing option, and also the access to different glaciers of Andes Mountain Range - Southern Ice Fields, which are a special attraction for passenger and scientific vessel.
FIGURE NUMBER 4:ROUTES BETWEEN STRAIT OF MAGELLAN (ESTRECHO DE MAGALLANES) AND CABO DE HORNOS
a). Fueguinos's channels (Canales Fueguinos) present a number of glaciers in the North eastern and South Eastern Beagle Channel branches. These channels are the main inner water route to reach Cabo de Hornos and the Antarctica.
b). The channels can be sailed by large vessels
2.- PILOTING FEES:
|1.- Corona||Access or exit CHACAO Channel. Lighthouse and Maritime Traffic Control Station with Racon y AIS|
|2.- Jaña||Access or exit NINUALAC Channel.|
|3.- Auchilú||Access or exit DARWIN Channel.|
|4.- Inchemó||Access or exit PULLUCHE Channel. Lighthouse with Racon|
|PATAGONIAN CHANNELS (CANALES PATAGÓNICOS)|
|1.- Campino||Access or exit FALLOS Channel. Lighthouse with Racon|
|2.- San Pedro||Access or exit MESSIER cannel. Lighthouse and Maritime Traffic Control Station with AIS.|
|3.- Piedras||Access or exit LADRILLEROS Channel. Punta Piedras Lighthouse with Racon|
|4.- C 1°||Access or exit TRINIDAD Channel. Cabo Primero Lighthouse with Racon|
|5.- Nelson||Access or exit NELSON Strait. San Jorge Lighthouse with Racon|
|STRAIT OF MAGELLAN (ESTRECHO DE MAGALLANES)|
|1.- Evangelistas||Western access or exit STRAIT OF MAGELLAN. Lighthouse and Maritime Traffic Control Station with Racon and AIS.|
|2.- Dúngenes||Eastern access or exit STRAIT OF MAGELLAN. Lighthouse and Maritime Traffic Control Station with Racon and AIS.|
|FUEGUINO'S CHANNELS (CANALES FUEGUINOS)|
|1.- Anxious||Access or exit FUEGUINO'S CHANNELS. Lighthouse|
|2.- (Co de Hornos)||Access or exit FUEGUINO'S CHANNELS. Lighthouse and Maritime Traffic Control Station with Racon and AIS.|
Channel Pilots normally will start/finish their advisory duties for piloting at proper times and distances from the entrance/exit of the above mentioned strait and channels.
The following summary shows the regulations for a southbound navigation : (All in :Separation A.- number 8.- letter b.- SPECIAL RESTRICTIONS FOR PILOTING CERTAIN CHANNELS )
|ANCUD Pilot Station||Max LOA 180 meters and Max draught 10 meters (embarking). Max LOA 200 meters and max draught 10 meters (disembarking)|
|CHACAO channel||Max Air draught 59 meters in high water.|
|PULUCHE channel||Max draught 7.0 meters.|
|English Narrows (Angostura INGLESA)||Max LOA 180 meters, max draught 10.7 meters. Crossing daylight and slack water only.|
|PICTON Passage||Max draught 6.0 meters. Dayligth only.|
|SUMMER Passage||Max draught 7.0 meters in low water|
|KIRKE channel||Max LOA 150 meters, max draught 6.5 meters. Crossing daylight and slack water only.|
|WHITE channel||Max LOA 140 meters, max draught 7.0 meters. Crossing daylight and slack water only.|
|GRAY channel||Max LOA 230 meters, max draught 12 meters in low water. Crossing daylight only.|
|Strait of Magellan (Estrecho de MAGALLANES)||Max draught 21.3 meters.|
DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF THE MARITIME TERRITORY AND MERCHANT MARINE - CHILEAN CHANNELS PILOTS ASSOCIATION (UPDATED IN FEBRUARY 2010)